Jacksonville, Florida-native Joan Hubbard, M.A., is a recently retired (2007) marriage and family therapist. Her 32-year clinical practice specialized in issues of individuals, couples and family. Toward the end of her practice, Hubbard was also applying systems work to organizations. She has particular expertise with the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator and has served on the faculty for the Center for Application of Psychological Type (CAPT) and with the Association for Psychological Type International (APTi) as Consultant to the area of Counseling and Psychotherapy. In her capacity with APTi, she authored a series of articles on the applicability of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator to the field of counseling and psychotherapy. Hubbard has also published two online courses for Professional Development Resources, a provider of continuing education courses for health care professionals.